## lone pairs in hybridization

$sp, sp^{2}, sp^{3}, dsp^{3}, d^{2}sp^{3}$

Marni Kahn 1A
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Joined: Thu Jul 25, 2019 12:17 am
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### lone pairs in hybridization

can lone pairs on the central atom be hybridized?

Michael Nguyen 1E
Posts: 120
Joined: Sat Aug 17, 2019 12:17 am

### Re: lone pairs in hybridization

Lone pairs on an atom are considered regions of electron density. Therefore, they are including in the hybridization of that atom.

Kurtis Liang 3I
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Joined: Sat Aug 24, 2019 12:17 am

### Re: lone pairs in hybridization

Lone pairs on the central atom occupy their own separate hybrid orbital, so they count towards the total hybridization of the atom.

Ziyan Wang 3J
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Joined: Wed Sep 18, 2019 12:22 am

### Re: lone pairs in hybridization

In hybridization theory, lone pairs and bonding pairs are the same.

Junwei Sun 4I
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Joined: Wed Oct 02, 2019 12:16 am

### Re: lone pairs in hybridization

Yes lone pairs are counted as areas of electron density just like the bounding electrons.

Ruth Glauber 1C
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Joined: Wed Sep 18, 2019 12:20 am

### Re: lone pairs in hybridization

Yes, I think lone pairs act as bonding in hybridization.

Sean Cheah 1E
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### Re: lone pairs in hybridization

When determining the hybridization scheme of a certain atom, all electron domains should be counted, whether they be bonding or lone pairs. Bonding electrons will essentially singly occupy their respective hybridized orbitals (allowing sigma bonds to form via interactions with other orbitals only containing one electron) while lone pairs will fill entire hybridized orbitals.

Claire Grover 3G
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Joined: Wed Sep 18, 2019 12:18 am

### Re: lone pairs in hybridization

Yes, the lone pairs are included in hybridization!

Jingyao Chen 4H
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Joined: Fri Sep 27, 2019 12:19 am

### Re: lone pairs in hybridization

Yes, lone pairs are counted. The thing that "doesn't count" is a double bond. It "doesn't count" in terms of it is considered the same as a single bond.