sp hybridization

$sp, sp^{2}, sp^{3}, dsp^{3}, d^{2}sp^{3}$

MaryBanh_2K
Posts: 101
Joined: Wed Sep 18, 2019 12:21 am

sp hybridization

How do linear molecules have an sp hybridization?

Parker Smith
Posts: 102
Joined: Thu Jul 25, 2019 12:15 am

Re: sp hybridization

Since a linear molecule deals with the double bonding of 2 other atoms to the central atom, the central atom must hybridize its orbitals to include the available amount of bonding electrons. For example, CO2 has 2 c double bonded o regions. Since carbon needs 4 electrons to perform this task, it must hybridize its s and p orbitals to use 2 electrons for each bond.

405335722
Posts: 56
Joined: Fri Aug 30, 2019 12:16 am

Re: sp hybridization

anything that has two boding regions (could be bonds or lone pairs) have an sp hybridization

Chetas Holagunda 3H
Posts: 51
Joined: Thu Jul 11, 2019 12:17 am
Been upvoted: 1 time

Re: sp hybridization

Since linear molecules have two main regions of electron density, the two hybrid orbitals that will arise are SP orbitals. This is a hybridization between the S and the one of the P orbitals.

Junxi Feng 3B
Posts: 52
Joined: Sat Sep 14, 2019 12:17 am

Re: sp hybridization

For a linear structure, the central atom must hybridize its sp orbitals to produce valence electrons, which can bond (or overlap) with another two atoms.