Hybrid orbitals

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Hybrid orbitals

Postby Andrea_Torres » Sun Nov 24, 2019 3:55 pm

How do we determine hybrid orbitals? Is it just by looking at the Lewis structure or is it by looking at the valence shells?

Haley Fredricks 1B
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Re: Hybrid orbitals

Postby Haley Fredricks 1B » Sun Nov 24, 2019 4:01 pm

I believe you use the Lewis Structure to determine the Hybrid orbitals

Siya Shah 1J
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Re: Hybrid orbitals

Postby Siya Shah 1J » Sun Nov 24, 2019 4:11 pm

You look at the Lewis structure and count the number of atoms and lone pairs bonded to the central atoms to determine hybrid orbitals.

April Meza 3K
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Re: Hybrid orbitals

Postby April Meza 3K » Sun Nov 24, 2019 4:35 pm

You can find hybrid orbitals by looking at the lewis structure.

Hannah Lee 2F
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Re: Hybrid orbitals

Postby Hannah Lee 2F » Sun Nov 24, 2019 4:40 pm

To determine hybrid orbitals, you count the number of electron densities around the central atom. That should align with the hybridization of the central atom, since the number of hybrid orbitals is always the same as the number of atomic orbitals used in their construction.

For instance, PCl5 uses 5 atomic orbitals (5 regions of e- density), and its e- arrangement is trigonal bipyramidal. Thus, its hybridization would be dsp3: 1 d-orbital, 1 s-orbital, and 3 p-orbitals blended together.

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Re: Hybrid orbitals

Postby 205154661_Dis2J » Sun Nov 24, 2019 8:25 pm

You always draw the Lewis structure first to determine the hybrid orbitals.

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