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Hybrid orbitals

Posted: Sun Nov 24, 2019 3:55 pm
by Andrea_Torres
How do we determine hybrid orbitals? Is it just by looking at the Lewis structure or is it by looking at the valence shells?

Re: Hybrid orbitals

Posted: Sun Nov 24, 2019 4:01 pm
by Haley Fredricks 1B
I believe you use the Lewis Structure to determine the Hybrid orbitals

Re: Hybrid orbitals

Posted: Sun Nov 24, 2019 4:11 pm
by Siya Shah 1J
You look at the Lewis structure and count the number of atoms and lone pairs bonded to the central atoms to determine hybrid orbitals.

Re: Hybrid orbitals

Posted: Sun Nov 24, 2019 4:35 pm
by April Meza 3K
You can find hybrid orbitals by looking at the lewis structure.

Re: Hybrid orbitals

Posted: Sun Nov 24, 2019 4:40 pm
by Hannah Lee 2F
To determine hybrid orbitals, you count the number of electron densities around the central atom. That should align with the hybridization of the central atom, since the number of hybrid orbitals is always the same as the number of atomic orbitals used in their construction.

For instance, PCl5 uses 5 atomic orbitals (5 regions of e- density), and its e- arrangement is trigonal bipyramidal. Thus, its hybridization would be dsp3: 1 d-orbital, 1 s-orbital, and 3 p-orbitals blended together.

Re: Hybrid orbitals

Posted: Sun Nov 24, 2019 8:25 pm
by 205154661_Dis2J
You always draw the Lewis structure first to determine the hybrid orbitals.