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Sigma bonds also allow for rotation. Pi bonds do not allow for rotations. Pi bonds are also broken first and are weaker because the side-to-side overlap does not allow for as much overlap as the end-to-end overlap found in sigma bonds.
Sigma bonds can be rotated amongst their axises & orbitals, while pi bongs cannot. Sigma bonds are always formed first before the pi bonds, signifying why a single bond only has one sigma bond and no pi bonds. However with double and triple bonds, there is only one sigma bond and two pi bonds.
Sigma bonds are the only bonds present when there is a single bond. As the number of bonds increase, then you start using pi bonds. For example a triple bond has one sigma bond and two pi bonds. Also, the atoms can't rotate if there are pi bonds present since they are stronger and can't break apart.
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