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I remember one lecture example had 3 hybrid orbitals and an extra one (I forgot the name of the orbital), but there was an extra orbital with one unpaired electron because the first 3 hybrid orbitals all contained one unpaired electron. What is the reason for this extra orbital and what other times will we need them?
The electron repulsion that would be caused if u tried putting all the electrons in the hybridized shells would increase the energy of the atom and not work for explaining how the atom can form so many bonds. Or which bonds. By leaving out a p subshell, the atom has the opportunity for forming pi ponds.
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