## lone pairs in hybridization

$sp, sp^{2}, sp^{3}, dsp^{3}, d^{2}sp^{3}$

Amy Kumar 1I
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### lone pairs in hybridization

how are lone pair shown in hybridization?

EvaLi_3J
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### Re: lone pairs in hybridization

One lone pair would normally take up one hybridized orbital, just like the bonding pairs.

Brianna Becerra 1B
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### Re: lone pairs in hybridization

For example, if you were drawing the Lewis structure of NH3, there would be a lone pair on the N. This would then be sp3 and shown with 4 _ _ _ _. The first space would have an arrow going up and down representing the lone pair and the last 3 would only have an upwards arrow showing binding sites.

KaleenaJezycki_1I
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### Re: lone pairs in hybridization

a lone pair acts as other section of electron density in hybridization, so yes they matter. A molecule with 3 bonds and 1 lone pair has 4 regions of electron density and therefore has sp3 hybridization.

Annie Ye
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### Re: lone pairs in hybridization

You would count the lone pairs as electron density. Bonds and lone pairs count in hybridization.

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### Re: lone pairs in hybridization

You use the number of electron densities (lone pairs and bonding pairs) to determine the number of orbitals required.

Lauren Lewis3L
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### Re: lone pairs in hybridization

The lone pairs in hybridization is to be considered as an electron density. You would count it as you would like any atom bonded to the metal.