How to tell the hybridization of an atom?


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Robert Valencia 3K
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Joined: Fri Sep 25, 2015 3:00 am

How to tell the hybridization of an atom?

Postby Robert Valencia 3K » Thu Oct 22, 2015 2:45 pm

I'm a little confused as to how to tell if an atom, such as carbon, will be sp3 hybridized or sp2 hybridized. Is it dependent on the other atoms that it bonds to?

nickgonzalez 1j
Posts: 19
Joined: Fri Sep 25, 2015 3:00 am

Re: How to tell the hybridization of an atom?

Postby nickgonzalez 1j » Thu Oct 22, 2015 4:16 pm

The specific hybridization will actually vary as hybridization is dependent on the number of atoms bonded plus any lone pairs(or simply the regions of electron density around the atom). Knowing this, you simply follow a pattern: so if there are two regions of electron density, hybridization would be sp, if there are three regions of electron density hybridization is sp2, four regions would be sp3, five regions would be sp3d, and so forth.


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