## Hybridization Clarification

$sp, sp^{2}, sp^{3}, dsp^{3}, d^{2}sp^{3}$

Jolie Sukonik 2B
Posts: 55
Joined: Wed Sep 30, 2020 9:44 pm

### Hybridization Clarification

Can someone clarify what hybridization means?
I'm a little confused on the concept. Thanks!

AnnaNovoselov1G
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### Re: Hybridization Clarification

Hybridization refers to the mixing of orbitals to create new hybrid orbitals that have an energy that is in between the 2 starting orbitals. For instance, one s and one p can mix to form 1 sp orbital or 2s and 2p^3 can mix to create four 2sp^3 orbitals.
In other words, hybridization happens when the energy of orbitals is equally redistributed to form hybrid degenerate orbitals.

Inderpal Singh 2L
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### Re: Hybridization Clarification

Essentially, you mix together orbitals to create a new orbital that is better suited to form chemical bonds. This is a really good video :) :

https://www.organicchemistrytutor.com/hybridization/

Alexandra Salata 2L
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Joined: Wed Sep 30, 2020 9:39 pm

### Re: Hybridization Clarification

In chemistry, orbital hybridization is the concept of mixing atomic orbitals into new hybrid orbitals (with different energies, shapes, etc., than the component atomic orbitals) suitable for the pairing of electrons to form chemical bonds in valence bond theory.
Hybridization occurs when an atom bonds using electrons from both the s and p orbitals, creating an imbalance in the energy levels of the electrons. To equalize these energy levels, the s and p orbitals involved are combined to create hybrid orbitals.
An easy way to figure out what hybridization an atom has is to just count the number of atoms bonded to it and the number of lone pairs. Double and triple bonds still count as being only bonded to one atom.

isha dis3d
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### Re: Hybridization Clarification

In lecture, Dr. Lavells referred to many "unhybridized orbitals". How exactly can you identify these?

AnjikaFriedman-Jha2D
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Joined: Wed Sep 30, 2020 9:55 pm

### Re: Hybridization Clarification

Hybrid orbitals have energy that is between two regular orbitals such as 2s and 2p. They allow for atoms to have a certain number of bonds to complete their octet, namely carbon in organic compounds.

Posts: 109
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### Re: Hybridization Clarification

isha dis1k wrote:In lecture, Dr. Lavells referred to many "unhybridized orbitals". How exactly can you identify these?

Well hybridized orbitals are a combination of atomic orbitals, so unhybridized orbitals would be the left over orbitals that are not combined, or the ground state of the atom. Hope this helps and please correct me if I'm wrong.

aashmi_agrawal_3d
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### Re: Hybridization Clarification

Hybridization is basically mixing atomic orbitals to form new hybrid orbitals.

Melis Kasaba 2B
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### Re: Hybridization Clarification

Hybridization occurs when atomic orbitals mix to form a new atomic orbital. This new orbital can hold the same total number of electrons as the old ones, but the properties and energy of it is an average of the original, unhybridized orbitals. The concept of hybridization was created to explain the fact that all the C-H bonds in molecules like methane (an example Lavelle went over in class) are identical. We had to consider the mixture (hybrid) of valence atomic orbitals during bond formation to explain the observed structure.

Brianna Chen 3F
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Joined: Wed Sep 30, 2020 10:11 pm

### Re: Hybridization Clarification

I like to refer back to the name "hybridization" when I think about what it means! The word "hybrid" is in its name which tells me that we are combining something. In this case, we are combining atomic orbitals to become hybrid orbitals that can hold the correct number of electrons for the creation of bonds for a particular atom.