Hybridization of Carbon


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Talia Leano 2H
Posts: 83
Joined: Wed Sep 30, 2020 10:10 pm

Hybridization of Carbon

Postby Talia Leano 2H » Sun Nov 29, 2020 6:39 pm

When carbon forms its sp3 hybrid orbital where does the number 3 come from?

Leo Naylor 2F
Posts: 113
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Re: Hybridization of Carbon

Postby Leo Naylor 2F » Sun Nov 29, 2020 6:43 pm

The number 3 comes from the fact that there are three separate p-orbitals used to form the sp3 hybridization,

Brandon Pham 1H
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Re: Hybridization of Carbon

Postby Brandon Pham 1H » Sun Nov 29, 2020 6:45 pm

It comes from the fact that there are 3 electron structures bound to Carbon in a molecule.
4 bonds + 0 lone pairs = sp3 hybridization
3 bonds + 1 lone pair = sp3 hybridization
2 bonds + 2 lone pairs = sp3 hybridization... etc

Kaylee Messick 3J
Posts: 92
Joined: Wed Sep 30, 2020 9:54 pm

Re: Hybridization of Carbon

Postby Kaylee Messick 3J » Sun Nov 29, 2020 6:49 pm

I believe the number 3 comes from when one of the electrons in the s-orbital moves the unfilled p-orbital, so that there are 3 unpaired electrons. This means that carbon is able to form 4 bonds with the new sp3 hybrid orbitals. Hope this helps!

Brandon McClelland3L
Posts: 89
Joined: Wed Sep 30, 2020 9:31 pm

Re: Hybridization of Carbon

Postby Brandon McClelland3L » Sun Nov 29, 2020 7:50 pm

1 s orbital + 3 p orbitals = 4 potential bonds.

LovepreetSran_3H
Posts: 76
Joined: Wed Sep 30, 2020 9:33 pm

Re: Hybridization of Carbon

Postby LovepreetSran_3H » Sun Nov 29, 2020 8:24 pm

It has 4 potential bonds, therefore, 1 s orbital and 3 p orbital.

Keshav Patel 14B 2B
Posts: 94
Joined: Wed Sep 30, 2020 9:40 pm

Re: Hybridization of Carbon

Postby Keshav Patel 14B 2B » Sun Nov 29, 2020 8:33 pm

The 3 from the sp3 comes from the 3 atomic orbitals that p has. For example D has 5 orbitals and f has 7 as well as s having one. S does not have a number because the one is just one so its just S.

rhettfarmer-3H
Posts: 101
Joined: Wed Sep 30, 2020 9:59 pm

Re: Hybridization of Carbon

Postby rhettfarmer-3H » Sun Nov 29, 2020 11:11 pm

comes from the fact there are four bonds that can be made from carbon and therefore, there are 4 regions of electron density. This correlates to sp^3 because it's a combination of 1s and 3p's which makes 4 regions. Likewise, with the other 2 regions is sp and 3 regions would be sp^2. 4 regions goes to d because p only has 3 orbitals hence its sp^3d

allyssa bradley 1H
Posts: 84
Joined: Wed Sep 30, 2020 9:47 pm

Re: Hybridization of Carbon

Postby allyssa bradley 1H » Sun Nov 29, 2020 11:59 pm

Carbon needs full 8-e valence shell, which will always be 4 bonds and/or lone pairs

Elizabeth Kaplan 3I
Posts: 118
Joined: Wed Sep 30, 2020 9:32 pm

Re: Hybridization of Carbon

Postby Elizabeth Kaplan 3I » Mon Nov 30, 2020 12:34 am

The number 3 comes from the fact that Carbon has 4 regions of electron density, 1 orbital from the s subshell and 3 orbitals from the p subshell. Thus, the 3 in sp3 represents the 3 orbitals in the p-subshell.

Jacob Schwarz-Discussion 3I
Posts: 81
Joined: Wed Sep 30, 2020 10:01 pm

Re: Hybridization of Carbon

Postby Jacob Schwarz-Discussion 3I » Mon Nov 30, 2020 10:55 am

Because Carbon has 4 valence electrons, it forms 4 bonds. 1 electron in the S state and three unpaired electrons in the P state. Therefore sp3


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