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Molecular orbitals form when electrons from atomic orbitals come together into regions along the molecule. Bonding orbitals have a lower energy level, and are therefore located lower in the MO (molecular orbital) diagram, while anti-bonding orbitals have a higher energy level and will be located higher up in the MO diagram. Each bonding orbital has an anti-bonding correspondent, but depending on the nuclear charge the position of these orbitals in the MO diagram will change. As of now, the only option you have is to memorize these diagrams.
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