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I understand the number of the bond (single, double and triple) results in the type of bond. Can anyone tell me the relationship between the type of bond (sigma and pi) and its hybridization orbital?
Single bonds are always sigma bonds. Double bonds are one sigma, one pi. Triple bonds are one sigma, two pi. Sigma bonds are bonds that overlap with one another and are easily movable/rotatable. Pi bonds are bonds that are parallel with one another and are not movable. As a result, single bonds are easier to break than double bonds.
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