Oxidation Number

Amber_Candelaria_1D
Posts: 21
Joined: Sat Jul 09, 2016 3:00 am

Oxidation Number

How do you determine the oxidation number of transition metals?

MayaKhalil_1L
Posts: 34
Joined: Wed Sep 21, 2016 2:59 pm

Re: Oxidation Number

The oxidation number is essentially the charge of the metal. So first you would need to calculate the charges of the other ligands in the complex and those charges plus the charges of the metal should add up to the total charge of the complex. For example, take [Fe(CN)5]2-, The charge of CN is 1-, and there are 5 so in total the charge is -5, but the charge of the complex is -2, so the charge of Fe must be 3+ in order for the charges to add up. Hope this helps!

divya_devineni_2E
Posts: 34
Joined: Wed Sep 21, 2016 2:59 pm
Been upvoted: 1 time

Re: Oxidation Number

Would we have to memorize the charges for all ligands?

Amber_Candelaria_1D
Posts: 21
Joined: Sat Jul 09, 2016 3:00 am

Re: Oxidation Number

MayaKhalil_1J wrote:The oxidation number is essentially the charge of the metal. So first you would need to calculate the charges of the other ligands in the complex and those charges plus the charges of the metal should add up to the total charge of the complex. For example, take [Fe(CN)5]2-, The charge of CN is 1-, and there are 5 so in total the charge is -5, but the charge of the complex is -2, so the charge of Fe must be 3+ in order for the charges to add up. Hope this helps!

Thank you!!