Oxidation Numbers 17.29

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Isaac Eyler 1E
Posts: 12
Joined: Fri Sep 29, 2017 7:04 am

Oxidation Numbers 17.29

Postby Isaac Eyler 1E » Tue Nov 21, 2017 6:53 pm

17.29 asks us to name the complex (which I understand) and then to determine the oxidation number of the metal. The solutions manual gives a formula for finding the oxidation number of the metal:

(# of metal atoms)(oxidation number of the metal) + ∑(# of each ligand)(charge of each ligand) = charge of the ion

First, is there an easier/quicker way to find the oxidation of the metal, or is plugging the numbers into the formula the only way?

Second, how do you find the charge of each ligand? With the chemical formula's given in, for example, 17.29d) [Co(SO4)(NH3)5]+
how do I know that the charge of SO4 is -2 like the solutions manual says? Because in 17.29a-c, sometimes the ligand charge is -1 or 0.

Ashley Davis 1I
Posts: 57
Joined: Fri Sep 29, 2017 7:04 am

Re: Oxidation Numbers 17.29

Postby Ashley Davis 1I » Tue Nov 21, 2017 7:08 pm

I think for the ligands we're meant to know what charge they have? I'm not sure if we need to memorize polyatomic ions... And as far as I know I don't know an easier way to compute it :/

Jana Sun 1I
Posts: 52
Joined: Sat Jul 22, 2017 3:00 am

Re: Oxidation Numbers 17.29

Postby Jana Sun 1I » Wed Nov 22, 2017 9:47 am

I agree with the post above; I think we're just supposed to memorize the charges of the ligands. As for the formula for calculating the oxidation number of the metal, I personally don't write everything out in the formula. I just know that the charges of the molecule should add up to the overall charge, so I use the same process that the equation uses but just shorten it a bit (picture: https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0/?ui=2& ... c2e050_0.1).

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