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naming

Posted: Fri Dec 07, 2018 9:07 pm
by Edward Suarez 1I
how do we find oxidation number? is it something we have to memorize? (like how do. you know the oxidation number of CN is -1?)

Re: naming

Posted: Fri Dec 07, 2018 9:13 pm
by Diego Gonzalez 3F
For CN (Cyanide) yes you must memorize the charge of -1. There is a list on Professor Lavelles website titled "Naming Coordination Compounds" that has all the ligands you need to memorize along with their charges. If its not on there, its either a transition metal that can have multiple oxidation states or its charge can be found by simply counting which group the element is in.

Re: naming

Posted: Fri Dec 07, 2018 9:16 pm
by Krisdylle Repollo 4H
I think it's helpful to just memorize the oxidation states of the molecules that we've been practicing during the lectures because they'll most likely pop up during the exam at some point and it'll be helpful if you know it right away. But if you don't, you can always try doing the Lewis structure. For cyanide, the carbon has a triple bond with nitrogen, so the carbon has a lone pair which gives it a negative charge of 1.

Re: naming

Posted: Fri Dec 07, 2018 10:01 pm
by Daniel Bowen 3I
There are some common ligands that you should familiarize yourself with the charges. But as for finding the oxidation state of transition metals, it is based on the overall charge of the coordination compound. For example: Ag(CN)2- has an oxidation state of +1 because CN has a charge of -1 and there is 2 of them. The overall charge of the compound is -1 so therefore the charge of silver must be +1

Re: naming

Posted: Fri Dec 07, 2018 10:10 pm
by 305117729
For cyano- we need to know it's -1, and for the charge on metal ion we could basically calculate it.

Re: naming

Posted: Sun Dec 09, 2018 3:12 am
by Edward Suarez 1I
ah i see; i suppose i will just memorize them. thank you!