Self-Test 2 Problem 4

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Self-Test 2 Problem 4

Postby 604807557 » Sun Jul 23, 2017 9:37 pm

The problem is:

For the complex ions listed below, determine the oxidation state and the coordination number of the central metal ion.

My question is, how do you find the oxidation state? Also, I got the coordination number 4, is that correct?

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Re: Self-Test 2 Problem 4

Postby sandraabdelmalak1D » Sun Jul 23, 2017 10:19 pm

I am not sure about the oxidation portion of the question either, but i also got that the coordination number is 4.

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Re: Self-Test 2 Problem 4

Postby derek1d » Mon Jul 24, 2017 10:24 pm

To get the oxidation state of the central atom, you first would need to find the formal charge of all of the ligands attached to the complex.
Oxidation state of CN^- is -1 and there is one (1 x -1 = -1), and oxidation state of NH3 is 0 and there are 3 (3 x 0 =0).
Once you have those charges you can get the oxidation state of the central atom by assigning a variable to represent the charge of Pt, and set up an algebraic equation to solve for Pt charge. (Pt + 0 - 1 = 1)
We know that this equation is equal to 1 because of the given positive charge on the ligand.
After adding -1 on to each side we find that the charge of Pt = 2.
Hope this helped!

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