Transition Metals

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Helen Struble 2F
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Transition Metals

Postby Helen Struble 2F » Sun Nov 24, 2019 9:08 pm

Why is it that only transition metals form coordination compounds, and not s-block metals?

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Re: Transition Metals

Postby ThomasNguyen_Dis1H » Sun Nov 24, 2019 9:10 pm

Transition metals have empty valance-shell orbitals that can accept pairs of electrons from ligands.

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Re: Transition Metals

Postby madawy » Sun Nov 24, 2019 9:11 pm

The transition metals form coordination compounds more than any other due to their availability of vacant d orbitals-. Transition elements have the electronic configuration ns2(n-1)d 0–10 and hence have empty d orbitals to accommodate or accept electrons coming from the ligands that are attached to them. Furthermore, their small size, high effective nuclear charge, variable oxidation states of the transition metal ion make the complex compounds more stable.

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