Kc vs. Kp

Moderators: Chem_Mod, Chem_Admin

Emma Scholes 1L
Posts: 62
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:18 am

Kc vs. Kp

Postby Emma Scholes 1L » Tue Jan 08, 2019 6:56 pm

How do we know when to write the equation for Kc vs. Kp when the question just asks to find the expression for K like in question 5G3?

AlyssaBei_1F
Posts: 99
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:17 am

Re: Kc vs. Kp

Postby AlyssaBei_1F » Tue Jan 08, 2019 7:02 pm

Kp is only used when dealing with gases.

Katie Sy 1L
Posts: 57
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:18 am

Re: Kc vs. Kp

Postby Katie Sy 1L » Tue Jan 08, 2019 7:16 pm

Kp is for partial pressures, so only involves gases

Joanna Pham - 2D
Posts: 113
Joined: Fri Apr 06, 2018 11:04 am

Re: Kc vs. Kp

Postby Joanna Pham - 2D » Tue Jan 08, 2019 7:27 pm

I would recommend you look at the values you're given in the problem first to determine if you solve for Kc or Kp. In the problem, if you're given values for the reactants and products and they're in units of bars, then that means you'll be solving for Kp since pressure is measured in bars. However, if the values for the reactants and products are in units of moles/L, then you solve for Kc since concentration has the units moles/L.

Hope this helps!

Tuong Nguyen 2I
Posts: 71
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:26 am
Been upvoted: 1 time

Re: Kc vs. Kp

Postby Tuong Nguyen 2I » Tue Jan 08, 2019 8:17 pm

Like others said, Kp is specifically referring to the equilibrium constant when all relative molecules/atoms are in a gaseous phase, therefore you use partial pressures. Kc refers to the equilibrium constant with regards to the concentrations of reactants and products, so you would use molar concentrations.

Anna O 2C
Posts: 98
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:19 am

Re: Kc vs. Kp

Postby Anna O 2C » Tue Jan 08, 2019 9:06 pm

Adding on, Kp is used for gases in the reaction, ignoring solids and liquids. When a reaction includes aqueous solutions, you can't use Kp because liquids can't have pressure, just concentrations.

taywebb
Posts: 60
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:15 am

Re: Kc vs. Kp

Postby taywebb » Wed Jan 09, 2019 9:24 am

Just for further clarification, when there are all gases, so you use Kp and partial pressure, the format for K would be Kp = and then use parenthesis with P and the molecule as the subscript, but for Kc and concentrations, the format for K would be Kc= and then use brackets?

Toru Fiberesima 1L
Posts: 63
Joined: Fri Apr 06, 2018 11:02 am

Re: Kc vs. Kp

Postby Toru Fiberesima 1L » Wed Jan 09, 2019 10:04 am

for Kc, you use the square brackets to denote concentration


Return to “Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations”

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 2 guests