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Do you remember the Lewis structure diagrams Lavelle drew in class? They are depicting the formation of H3O+ and OH- ions (ionizations). The ionization constant of water refers to level at which H3O+ and OH- are equal. 10^-14 is the equilibrium constant of the chemical reaction so 10^-14 = [H3O+][OH-]. We call this "ionization constant" because we are solely referring to ions and this is the basis of which all acid and base concentrations/pH follow.
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