Conjugates

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Zenita Leang 2K
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Conjugates

Postby Zenita Leang 2K » Thu Jan 17, 2019 1:00 pm

How can you determine the conjugate acid of a strong base and the conjugate base of a strong acid in a reaction?

Matthew Mar 1J
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Re: Conjugates

Postby Matthew Mar 1J » Thu Jan 17, 2019 1:10 pm

Generally, the conjugate acid or base will just be the product other than H3O+ or OH-. For example, in the equation NH4+ + H2O <-> NH3 + H3O+ NH4+ is the acid with NH3 as its conjugate base.

Nicolette_Canlian_2L
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Re: Conjugates

Postby Nicolette_Canlian_2L » Thu Jan 17, 2019 1:57 pm

The conjugate acid to the base will be the molecule that has gained a proton. The conjugate base to an acid will be the molecule that loses a proton.
HCOOH + H2O----HCOO[-] + H3O+
HCOOH is the acid and HCOO[-] is the conjugate base.

Lorena Zhang 4E
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Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:16 am

Re: Conjugates

Postby Lorena Zhang 4E » Thu Jan 17, 2019 1:58 pm

The conjugate parts are usually the products. In order to identify the conjugates in the products, you need to know if the reactants are acids or base. In terms of that, you should see whether the reactants accept or donate protons. Acids generally lose protons, therefore, having conjugate base in the product; base, however, generally accepts protns, and have conjugate acids in the product.

Madeline Motamedi 4I
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Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:23 am

Re: Conjugates

Postby Madeline Motamedi 4I » Thu Jan 17, 2019 3:31 pm

Write out the reaction. Once you write it out you'll find that you end up with most likely 2 products one of which is your conjugate base or conjugate acid and the other is H30+ or OH-.


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