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5% Rule

Posted: Wed Jan 23, 2019 9:11 am
by Seohyun Park 1L
Does the 5% Rule for approximation only apply to acid/base reactions in water? Can we use the approximation technique for small K values for equilibrium problems not involving acid/base?

Re: 5% Rule

Posted: Wed Jan 23, 2019 11:14 am
by Tarika Gujral 1K
The 5% approximation technique can be used for any K calculation, provided

K < 10-3 — Very little product formed, R-x = R
K > 103 — Very little reactant remaining, P+x = P

Re: 5% Rule

Posted: Wed Jan 23, 2019 8:19 pm
by Irene Zhou 1E
The 5% ionization approximation can be applied to any K calculation as long as K is less that 10^-3

Re: 5% Rule

Posted: Wed Jan 23, 2019 9:10 pm
by juliasloan_4g
the 5 percent rule can be used in any calculation of K

Re: 5% Rule

Posted: Wed Jan 23, 2019 10:54 pm
by sophiebillings1E
But if you do disregard x make sure to double check that it is under 5% because if not the solution is incorrect.

Re: 5% Rule

Posted: Thu Jan 24, 2019 1:41 pm
by Jasmine Chow 1F
you can use the 5% rule for a K value that is less than 10^-3 for acids and bases or equilibrium concentrations and pressures.