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### Equilibrium Constant

Posted: Mon Jan 06, 2020 5:31 pm
When do you write the equilibrium constant as Kc? and when do you write the equilibrium constant as Kp?

### Re: Equilibrium Constant

Posted: Mon Jan 06, 2020 5:34 pm
The equilibrium constant is written as Kc when you use the concentrations of the reactants and products in the formula, in mol/L. The equilibrium constant is written as Kp when you use the partial pressures instead of the concentrations for the equation. You cannot mix concentrations and partial pressures in the formula. You would usually use Kp when all the reactants and products are in the gas phase and the units are for gases. You can use PV=nRT if needed to convert the partial pressure of a gas to concentration (n/V) and vice versa.

### Re: Equilibrium Constant

Posted: Wed Jan 08, 2020 9:33 pm
You use Kc when given molar concentrations of reactants and products. You use Kp when dealing with the partial pressures of reactants and products, which are in the gas phase.

### Re: Equilibrium Constant

Posted: Wed Jan 08, 2020 9:36 pm
Kc is used when one or more of the products and reactants are in the aqueous phase.

Kp is used when one or more of the products and reactants are in the gaseous phase.

### Re: Equilibrium Constant

Posted: Wed Jan 08, 2020 9:47 pm
Kc is the equilibrium constant specifically for concentrations and Kp is the equilibrium constant for partial pressures

### Re: Equilibrium Constant

Posted: Wed Jan 08, 2020 10:49 pm
When writing the formula for K, does it matter if you put the gases in brackets as well or how do you differentiate that it is a gas and not aqueous?

### Re: Equilibrium Constant

Posted: Wed Jan 08, 2020 11:47 pm
How do you know whether to use Kc/Kp versus simply K? What is the difference?

### Re: Equilibrium Constant

Posted: Thu Jan 09, 2020 1:14 am
Kc is the equilibrium constant that uses concentration and you typically use this expression when you deal with aqueous solutions or are given molarities. Kp is the equilibrium constant that uses partial pressure and you use it when one or more of your reactants or products is in the gas phase.

### Re: Equilibrium Constant

Posted: Thu Jan 09, 2020 1:26 pm
Kc is used when the concentrations are given in the question, and Kp is used when the partial pressures are given in the question. For Kp, the given amounts typically have a unit in pressure (i.e. bar) which helps distinguish between the two.