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determining which way the reaction is going

Posted: Sun Jan 19, 2020 11:30 pm
by LeAirraBullingor2k
What are the steps to determining which way the reaction is going? Isn't it just product over reactants and for gases it just P over RT?

Re: determining which way the reaction is going

Posted: Sun Jan 19, 2020 11:35 pm
by Jared_Yuge
For aqueous solutions you need to calculate the Q of the solution currently and compare it to the Kc and then you can tell which way it is going.

Re: determining which way the reaction is going

Posted: Sun Jan 19, 2020 11:37 pm
by Jared_Yuge
for example, when Kc>Q, then the reaction shifts to the right

Re: determining which way the reaction is going

Posted: Sun Jan 19, 2020 11:40 pm
by Mulin_Li_2J
So first let's make it clear that under the same temperature, the equilibrium constant stays the same no matter how many reactants or products there are at the beginning, and in the long-run the reaction will reach the equilibrium.

To determine which way the reaction is going to reach equilibrium, we need to calculate reaction quotient Q first, whose equation is [Products]/[Reactants], with powers of each reactant/product being their stochiometric coefficient. Q has the same equation as K, but in calculating Q, you put in current concentrations, and for K, you put in equilibrium concentrations instead.

Second, compare Q with K, if Q>K, the reaction is favoring reactants formation, and if Q<K, the reaction is favoring products formation.

Hope this can help!

Re: determining which way the reaction is going

Posted: Sun Jan 19, 2020 11:41 pm
by Kennedi2J
What is the process for determining which way the reaction is going when we're not dealing with a gas and not a concentration?

Re: determining which way the reaction is going

Posted: Tue Jan 21, 2020 12:24 am
by jisulee1C
For gases, the same rule applies except that you would be using partial pressures and the Kp instead of concentrations and Kc when comparing to Q.