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Buffers are generally made of certain pairs of solutes, either a weak acid plus a salt derived from that weak acid or a weak base plus a salt of that weak base. For example, a buffer can be composed of dissolved acetic acid (HC 2H 3O 2, a weak acid) and sodium acetate (NaC 2H 3O 2, a salt derived from that acid). Most buffers contain salts, but not all salt solutions (ex: dissolved NaCl) are buffers.
A buffer solution is one which resists changes in pH when small quantities of an acid or an alkali are added to it. An acidic buffer solution is simply one which has a pH less than 7. Acidic buffer solutions are commonly made from a weak acid and one of its salts - often a sodium salt
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