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I don't think you need to have any particular compounds memorized as strong acids or bases, but it would probably be good to know a couple (like some that show up frequently in lectures/homework problems). More importantly, just know how to identify compounds as acids/bases.
The 7 strong acids are HCl,HBr,HI,HNO3,HClO3,HClO4, and H2SO4. The 8 strong bases are LiOH,NaOH,KOH,RbOH,CsOH,Ca(OH)2,Sr(OH)2, and Ba(OH)2. I'd recommend memorizing them because they may be useful in the future.
A good way to memorize strong acids and bases is understanding the relationships between the two elements in terms of electronegativity. Usually, when they have very opposite electronegativities, the two elements form a strong acid/base.
For acid and base reactions, what is the general chemical equation? I know that for common acids and bases the acid/base loses/gains a hydrogen and water will either gain or lose a proton, but is there a general guideline to know in preparation for the test?
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