Carboxylic Acid

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Sydney Pell 2E
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Joined: Wed Sep 11, 2019 12:17 am

Carboxylic Acid

Postby Sydney Pell 2E » Sun Dec 08, 2019 10:04 am

What is the difference between a carboxylic acid and an oxoacid? How can you tell which is which?

Chem_Mod
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Re: Carboxylic Acid

Postby Chem_Mod » Sun Dec 08, 2019 10:09 am

Carboxylic acid is COOH: Carbon is double bonded to an O and attached to a hydroxide group. oxyacids is simply A-O-H where the A is anything covalently bonded to OH. Carboxylic acids are organic (C containing) oxoacids

DHavo_1E
Posts: 118
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Re: Carboxylic Acid

Postby DHavo_1E » Sun Dec 08, 2019 5:47 pm

Sydney Pell 3E wrote:What is the difference between a carboxylic acid and an oxoacid? How can you tell which is which?


Hi,

For future reference, I would also like to add that for carboxylic acids, you can determine the strength by the electronegativity of the groups bound to it. For example, for trichloroacetic acid (Cl3C2OOH) versus acetic acid (CH3COOH), the first is stronger because the chlorines are highly electronegative and delocalize the charges more than the group in acetic acid. Additionally, for oxoacids, you would look at the electronegativity (more electronegative means it is stronger because of delocalization of charge) if the numbers of oxygens are the same or the number of oxygen atoms when they differ (more oxygen atoms means more electronegativity and thus electron withdrawing power).


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