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You can tell by looking at the periodic table... metal oxides for bases, nonmetal oxides form acids, and the elements Pb, Bi, Sn, In, Ga, Al, Be, Ge, As, and Sb as oxides form amphoteric (both an acid and a base). Hope this helps!
Basic oxides usually are located within the group 1 alkali and group 2 alkaline earth metals. Oxides that are located in the far right of the periodic table (next to the metalloids) are mostly acidic. Near the metalloids, there is a band of elements that are amphoteric. Meaning, when the central atom that the oxygen is bound to is more electronegative, the molecule will be more acidic.
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