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I know that lewis acids accept electrons while lewis bases donate electrons, but how can you determine whether the species is able to accept or donate the electron pairs? Do you have to draw the lewis structures to determine this?
It's always helpful to draw the Lewis dot structure, and then determine which one is lewis acid/base. Also, a quick way is to memorize the common lewis acids and bases. Such as acids: NH4+, H3O+, Fe3+ / bases: NH3, H2O, CH3-
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