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So i know several elements can act as both an acid and a base such as water but how do you tell when a water should act as an acid or a base. When do you know when it should give up or accept electrons? Also does water affect the likelihood of certain compounds being stronger or weaker acids or bases?
You will know if water acts as an base or an acid based off of what compound it is reacting with. If it is reacting with a base, it will act as an acid and donate protons; however, if it is reacting with an acid, it will act as a base and accept protons. And I believe the strength of an acid/base doesn't depend on what compounds they are reacting with, it is an individualistic characteristic.
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