Clarification of Conjugate Acids and Bases

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Bianca Barcelo 4I
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Clarification of Conjugate Acids and Bases

Postby Bianca Barcelo 4I » Sun Dec 02, 2018 10:48 pm

What is exactly a conjugate acid and base? What role does it play in a chemical equilibrium equation?

mahika_nayak_3L
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Re: Clarification of Conjugate Acids and Bases

Postby mahika_nayak_3L » Sun Dec 02, 2018 10:52 pm

In reference to the Bronsted Lowry theory, conjugates are an acid and base that differ from each other by a proton. For example, OH- is the conjugate base to the acid H2O because H2O donates a hydrogen ion to form the OH- base.

905096106
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Re: Clarification of Conjugate Acids and Bases

Postby 905096106 » Sun Dec 02, 2018 11:19 pm

Conjugate acids and bases solely differ by one proton.

705192887
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Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:18 am

Re: Clarification of Conjugate Acids and Bases

Postby 705192887 » Sun Dec 02, 2018 11:47 pm

Conjugate acids and bases are molecules that differ by one proton. The conjugate acid is the molecule in the reaction that is formed by the acceptance of an H+ that is donated by the base. Example: Conjugate acid = H2O; Base = OH-. In the same way, conjugate bases and acids are similar in that they also differ by one proton. This time however, conjugate bases are the molecule formed by the loss of an H+ from an acid. Example: Acid = NH4+; Conjugate Base = NH3

Mallory_Podosin_1H
Posts: 31
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:15 am

Re: Clarification of Conjugate Acids and Bases

Postby Mallory_Podosin_1H » Thu Dec 06, 2018 12:06 am

In the equation it goes
acid +base --> conjugate base + conjugate acid

each acid creates a conjugate base which is 1 hydrogen less than the acid
each base creates a conjugate acid which is 1 hydrogen more than the base


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