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Clarification of Conjugate Acids and Bases

Posted: Sun Dec 02, 2018 10:48 pm
by Bianca Barcelo 4I
What is exactly a conjugate acid and base? What role does it play in a chemical equilibrium equation?

Re: Clarification of Conjugate Acids and Bases

Posted: Sun Dec 02, 2018 10:52 pm
by mahika_nayak_3L
In reference to the Bronsted Lowry theory, conjugates are an acid and base that differ from each other by a proton. For example, OH- is the conjugate base to the acid H2O because H2O donates a hydrogen ion to form the OH- base.

Re: Clarification of Conjugate Acids and Bases

Posted: Sun Dec 02, 2018 11:19 pm
by 905096106
Conjugate acids and bases solely differ by one proton.

Re: Clarification of Conjugate Acids and Bases

Posted: Sun Dec 02, 2018 11:47 pm
by 705192887
Conjugate acids and bases are molecules that differ by one proton. The conjugate acid is the molecule in the reaction that is formed by the acceptance of an H+ that is donated by the base. Example: Conjugate acid = H2O; Base = OH-. In the same way, conjugate bases and acids are similar in that they also differ by one proton. This time however, conjugate bases are the molecule formed by the loss of an H+ from an acid. Example: Acid = NH4+; Conjugate Base = NH3

Re: Clarification of Conjugate Acids and Bases

Posted: Thu Dec 06, 2018 12:06 am
by Mallory_Podosin_1H
In the equation it goes
acid +base --> conjugate base + conjugate acid

each acid creates a conjugate base which is 1 hydrogen less than the acid
each base creates a conjugate acid which is 1 hydrogen more than the base