Naming

Moderators: Chem_Mod, Chem_Admin

LeAirraBullingor2k
Posts: 77
Joined: Wed Mar 13, 2019 12:15 am

Naming

Postby LeAirraBullingor2k » Sun Dec 01, 2019 8:02 pm

Has anyone found an easy way to remember how to name molecules?

Naji Sarsam 1F
Posts: 104
Joined: Sat Aug 17, 2019 12:18 am

Re: Naming

Postby Naji Sarsam 1F » Mon Dec 02, 2019 11:34 am

There are different naming conventions for different types of molecules. Here are the very basic rules

Ions:
"Cation Name" "Anion Name + ide"
ex.) : Sodium Cholride

Covalently Bonded Molecules:
"Central Atom's Name" "Greek Suffix + Peripheral Atom's Name + ide"
ex.) : Carbon Tetrachloride

Coordination Compounds:
"Greek Prefix + Ligand's Name" (if multiple ligands organize in alphabetical order) "Tansition Metal Cation's Name + Roman Numeral" "Anion's Name (if present" "Hydrate (If present)
ex.) : Pentaamine chloro cobalt (II) cholride dihydrate

Jessica Li 4F
Posts: 115
Joined: Fri Aug 09, 2019 12:16 am

Re: Naming

Postby Jessica Li 4F » Mon Dec 02, 2019 11:51 am

To add onto the coordination compounds, if the compound as a whole is negatively charged, you want to add an -ate to the ending of the central atom instead.

Jessica Li 4F
Posts: 115
Joined: Fri Aug 09, 2019 12:16 am

Re: Naming

Postby Jessica Li 4F » Mon Dec 02, 2019 11:51 am

To add onto the coordination compounds, if the compound as a whole is negatively charged, you want to add an -ate to the ending of the central atom instead.

Megan Vu 1J
Posts: 101
Joined: Thu Jul 25, 2019 12:15 am

Re: Naming

Postby Megan Vu 1J » Mon Dec 02, 2019 11:58 am

In order to begin, look at the name of the ligands first for coordination compounds. Using the number of ligands, you should use mono-, di-, tri-, tetra-, penta-, or hexa-. Add an o to the end of an anion name, like cyanide s cyan. You should also look at the metal to be placed at the end of the name in alphabetical order. Roman numerals for the metal should be based on the oxidation of the whole molecule with ligands.


Return to “Conjugate Acids & Bases”

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 1 guest