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When calculating the percentage, it is the concentration of A- divided by the initial concentration of HA times 100%. In the textbook it says it is also H3O+ divided by initial concentration. I am confused because when making the ice block chart, H3O+ is different than A-. Clarification please...
The textbook does this assuming that [H3O+]=[A-], because according to the standard weak acid dissociation equation, HA(aq) + H2O(l) <--> H3O+(aq) + A-(aq), the mole ratio of H3O+ and A- is 1:1. Thus H3O+ and A- would be interchangeable in the deprotonation equation.
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