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I find that usually double displacement does the trick when determining which atoms will be a part of the salt. It is also helpful to know that a salt is just an aggressively ionic molecule, so whatever atoms are involved, just know the salt has to be ionically bonded together.
Remember that a salt is a metal bonded to a non-metal and so typically you can figure out what salt is made by combining the metal in the base (like K in KOH) with the nonmetal in the acid (like Cl in HCl). In this example, the salt in the products would be KCl and the OH- and H+ left over combine to make H2O.
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