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Strong acids have weak bonds holding the hydrogen atom to the anion is weak (weaker, longer bond between the two). Weak bonds are usually unstable, as you can easily break them apart, which is why strong acids dissociate 100% in water. They prefer to be in a more stable state, which is with the anion and hydrogen dissociated.
Because strong acids have weaker bonds. Weak bonds usually indicate greater instability since they can easily be broken which explains why the stronger the acid the greater the dissociation of the acid in water to make the acid more stable by losing the hydrogen bond to form an anion.
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