Exothermic Rxn

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Ryan Sydney Beyer 2B
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Exothermic Rxn

Postby Ryan Sydney Beyer 2B » Wed Jan 10, 2018 3:43 pm

So the example at the end of class was using bond enthalpies to calculate the rxn enthalpy. The answer came out to -58kj which is exothermic. I was thinking about this ... in order for this reaction to occur, you would have to take out 58kj from the system. So would you ever naturally find the reactants if they are more stable on the product side?

Qining Jin 1F
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Re: Exothermic Rxn

Postby Qining Jin 1F » Wed Jan 10, 2018 3:57 pm

Not all exothermic reactions are spontaneous, meaning that the reaction will occur without outside influence. Just because a reaction is exothermic doesn't mean that its reactants cannot be found naturally.

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Re: Exothermic Rxn

Postby Daniisaacson2F » Wed Jan 10, 2018 5:25 pm

The meaning of an exothermic reaction means that it gives off energy once completed, not that the reactants need to be spontaneous in order to do so.

Ammar Amjad 1L
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Re: Exothermic Rxn

Postby Ammar Amjad 1L » Wed Jan 10, 2018 7:43 pm

The -58KJ means that the reaction is exothermic, indicating that the reaction will release energy.

William Xu Dis 1D
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Re: Exothermic Rxn

Postby William Xu Dis 1D » Wed Jan 10, 2018 9:52 pm

Interesting question! I can actually pull in information I've learned in LS7A to explain this: as others mentioned, negative enthalpy or exothermic reactions don't necessarily indicate that the reaction is spontaneous, it is actually the sign of the change of Gibbs free energy that does (a negative value of change means the reaction is spontaneous, a positive value of change means it is not spontaneous). The equation for Gibbs free energy is ΔG = ΔH - TΔS, so you can see that the value of ΔG is affected also by temperature and change in entropy and that even negative values of ΔH can result in positive ΔG.

melissa carey 1f
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Re: Exothermic Rxn

Postby melissa carey 1f » Thu Jan 11, 2018 10:15 am

Is there another way to determine if a reaction can occur spontaneously?

Charles Ang 1E
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Re: Exothermic Rxn

Postby Charles Ang 1E » Fri Jan 12, 2018 2:19 pm

The method explained in class is the most common and easiest way to determine if a reaction is exo- or endo- thermic because it uses the definition. If the reaction produces/releases heat to the surroundings it is exothermic, and if it absorbs heat it is endothermic.

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