ΔU vs. ΔH

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Kyra LeRoy 1E
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Joined: Sat Jul 22, 2017 3:00 am

ΔU vs. ΔH

Postby Kyra LeRoy 1E » Sun Jan 21, 2018 10:57 pm

Can someone explain more in-depth the difference between ΔU & ΔH? I have a general understanding, but I’d like to have a more solid knowledge for the test. (for ex: in which circumstances do we use which one?)

Thanks!

Nora 1F
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Joined: Fri Sep 29, 2017 7:04 am

Re: ΔU vs. ΔH

Postby Nora 1F » Sun Jan 21, 2018 11:10 pm

When heat is released or absorbed during a reaction that takes place at constant volume, you use deltaU. When heat is released or absorbed during a reaction that takes place under constant pressure, you use deltaH.
I found the following website to be very helpful in explaining the difference if you read "Enthalpy Versus Internal Energy." Hope this helps!

Rebecca Doan 2L
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Joined: Thu Jul 27, 2017 3:01 am

Re: ΔU vs. ΔH

Postby Rebecca Doan 2L » Sun Jan 21, 2018 11:10 pm

I also was wondering what the relationship between the two was. Like are they completely different variables or do they work together?

Nora 1F
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Re: ΔU vs. ΔH

Postby Nora 1F » Sun Jan 21, 2018 11:11 pm


Xihui Yin 1I
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Re: ΔU vs. ΔH

Postby Xihui Yin 1I » Sun Jan 21, 2018 11:15 pm

ΔH is the thermodynamic potential of the system, and thus includes work done and ΔU, ΔH=ΔU + PΔV. ΔU is the summation of energies in a system. When work done=0, ΔH=ΔU.

AnuPanneerselvam1H
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Re: ΔU vs. ΔH

Postby AnuPanneerselvam1H » Sun Jan 21, 2018 11:29 pm

Delta U is a summation of the work done in the system and the heat in the system. In other words, it is a measure of the internal energy of the system. When pressure is constant, there is no work being done. Therefore delta U is equal to delta H under these circumstances.

Shanmitha Arun 1L
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Re: ΔU vs. ΔH

Postby Shanmitha Arun 1L » Sun Jan 21, 2018 11:35 pm

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1CygQUIJodc

This is a really helpful video that explains ΔU and ΔH.

Jaewoo Jo 2L
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Re: ΔU vs. ΔH

Postby Jaewoo Jo 2L » Sun Jan 21, 2018 11:46 pm

deltaU= change in internal energy. Internal energy is the energy in every molecule of in the substance.

deltaU = Q+W

Q= heat added to system and W= work done on the system

deltaU+PdV= W

change in enthalpy (deltaH) is change in total energy of the system and enthalpy H can be written as

H= U+PV

delH= delU+PdV+VdP

ZoeHahn1J
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Re: ΔU vs. ΔH

Postby ZoeHahn1J » Mon Jan 22, 2018 12:21 am

Delta U is internal energy, so delta U = q + w. Delta H is enthalpy (heat under constant pressure), so it doesn't account for work.

Annie Lieu-1H
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Re: ΔU vs. ΔH

Postby Annie Lieu-1H » Mon Jan 22, 2018 12:40 am

Delta H deals with internal energy at a constant pressure versus delta U is just change in internal energy.

Ryan Sydney Beyer 2B
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Re: ΔU vs. ΔH

Postby Ryan Sydney Beyer 2B » Mon Jan 22, 2018 12:53 pm

It might also be helpful to know the relationship between the two::

Precisely enthalpy is obtained from internal energy when the variable entropy S is substituted by the variable temperature T.


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