Degeneracy is the total number of ways of achieving a given
In the dogbone example Dr. Lavelle showed us, we could could calculate W with the info given by
. N is the number of particles, molecules, etc., while the 2 was the number of equivalent states. So if there was 1 particle w/ 2 equivalent states,
, as 1 particle can only have 2 possible positions here.
But with the 4 dogbones, we were given 2 particles w/ 2 equivalent states,
, because the particles could be in positions A--B, B--A, AB--, --AB.
They are related directly via the Boltzman Equation,
As the degeneracy increases, entropy will also increase.