Chapter 8 Homework Hess's Law #57

Moderators: Chem_Mod, Chem_Admin

Kira Conde 2O
Posts: 24
Joined: Fri Jul 15, 2016 3:00 am

Chapter 8 Homework Hess's Law #57

Postby Kira Conde 2O » Wed Jan 11, 2017 9:00 pm

Hello,

I am having a hard time with Hess's Law when I am not given both of the equations. The question that I am confused on is as follows:

Determine the reaction enthalpy for C2H2+2H2---->C2H6 from the following data: Delta h sub c (C2H2,g)=-1300kJ.mol. Delta h sub c(C2H6,g)=-1560kJ.mol, and delta H sub c(H2,g)=-286 KJ.mol. I tried to solve it and checked the solution manual but it just isn't making any sense. Can someone help?

Thank you!

Rochelle Ellison 2H
Posts: 29
Joined: Wed Sep 21, 2016 3:00 pm

Re: Chapter 8 Homework Hess's Law #57

Postby Rochelle Ellison 2H » Wed Jan 11, 2017 10:08 pm

Although the reactions are not written out the ΔHc° is given and this is the standard enthalpy of combustion or the change in enthalpy when the compound undergoes combustion. Since combustion is a reaction with oxygen you can write out each of the reaction equations with their corresponding ΔHc° values.
C2H2(g) + 5/2O2(g) → 2CO2(g) + H20(l) ΔH° =-1300kJ
C2H6(g) + 7/2O2(g) → 2CO2(g) + 3H20(l) ΔH°=-1560kJ
H2(g) + 1/2O2(g) →H2O(l) ΔH°= -286kJ
The equations are balanced so that only 1 mole of each of the compounds is combusted because the standard enthalpy of combustion is per mole of the given compound (this is why there are fractional stoichiometric coefficients).

Now that you have the three equations you can use Hess's Law to determine the enthalpy change for the hydrogenation of ethyne to ethane. Because ethane has to be on the products side you flip the second equation meaning that the ΔH°will now be +1560kJ. In order to have two moles of hydrogen gas on the reactants side, the third equation must be multiplied by 2 meaning that the ΔH° will now be -572kJ. Now if you were to add up the three equations you would get the equation for the hydrogenation of ethyne to ethane so the ΔH° values can be added together ΔH°=-312kJ/mol.

samuelkharpatin2b
Posts: 55
Joined: Wed Sep 21, 2016 2:57 pm

Re: Chapter 8 Homework Hess's Law #57

Postby samuelkharpatin2b » Thu Jan 12, 2017 3:14 pm

The following is my take on #57. Hope you find it helpful!
Attachments
57.jpeg

Kira Conde 2O
Posts: 24
Joined: Fri Jul 15, 2016 3:00 am

Re: Chapter 8 Homework Hess's Law #57

Postby Kira Conde 2O » Thu Jan 12, 2017 8:01 pm

Thank you both so much!


Return to “Reaction Enthalpies (e.g., Using Hess’s Law, Bond Enthalpies, Standard Enthalpies of Formation)”

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 3 guests