Most Stable Form for an Element

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PeterTran1C
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Joined: Thu Jul 13, 2017 3:00 am

Most Stable Form for an Element

Postby PeterTran1C » Wed Jan 10, 2018 9:05 pm

When reading Section 8.17, I was wondering what the text meant by "the most stable form of each element" in terms of the standard enthalpies of formation. Does this mean the element's most simplest form? I was wondering if someone can clarify this concept or provide another definition to the idea of stability.

Nisarg Shah 1C
Posts: 54
Joined: Sat Jul 22, 2017 3:00 am

Re: Most Stable Form for an Element

Postby Nisarg Shah 1C » Wed Jan 10, 2018 9:25 pm

I think the most stable form of an element is the stablest configuration it can be found in, without it losing its purity. For example, Helium is most stable as a single atom, while Oxygen is most stable as a diatomic gas. Each of these are the stablest forms of their respective elements.

AtreyiMitra2L
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Re: Most Stable Form for an Element

Postby AtreyiMitra2L » Wed Jan 10, 2018 9:30 pm

i believe it means the way it sounds. the state it is most likely to be found in nature

Wenjie Dong 2E
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Re: Most Stable Form for an Element

Postby Wenjie Dong 2E » Wed Jan 10, 2018 9:31 pm

It means the form when the element has the least energy.

Lisa Tang 1C
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Re: Most Stable Form for an Element

Postby Lisa Tang 1C » Wed Jan 10, 2018 9:36 pm

I believe the most stable form of an element is, similar to what is stated above, the purest state of the element. The book also states that graphite is the most stable form of carbon at normal temperatures. This relates to the idea that the enthalpy of formation of graphite is zero, while the enthalpy of formation of an element in a form that is not the most stable (for example, diamond) is not equal to zero. To generalize from this example, the standard enthalpy of formation should equal zero for an element in its most stable form.


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