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Posted: Sat Jan 20, 2018 1:48 pm
Can someone do this question step by step? should I just know what hydrogenation means or is there another way to figure out initial reactants and products?
Posted: Sat Jan 20, 2018 1:59 pm
Hydrogenation is just to react with hydrogen (H2) which usually takes away double bonds in the process. For this you should just be able to use the given enthalpy changes in the balanced equations (reverse the seccond, add the first, and double the third eqn) then when you add up the entalpies in the end it will represent your desired eqn and dH will be -312kJ/mol
Posted: Sat Jan 20, 2018 2:26 pm
In this problem, the standard enthalpy of combustion for C2H2, C2H6, and H2 is given. Hence, the combustion equations for these reactions should be determined:
Balanced combustion equation for 1 mole of C2H2:
C2H2 + 2.5O2 --> 2CO2 + H2O reaction enthalpy: -1300 kJ
Balanced combustion equation for 1 mole of C2H6:
C2H6 + 3.5O2 --> 2CO2 + 3H2O reaction enthalpy: -1560 kJ
Balanced combustion equation for 1 mole of H2:
H2 + 0.5O2 --> H2O reaction enthalpy: -286 kJ
Given these equations and enthalpies of combustion, manipulate the equations using Hess's Law to result in the final balanced equation of:
C2H2 + 2H2 --> C2H6
Adding up the enthalpies, you should result in a reaction enthalpy of -312 kJ/mol.
Posted: Sat Jan 20, 2018 2:29 pm
The values of each standard enthalpy of combustion they provided can just be plugged in to find the reaction enthalpy. So your equation to find the enthalpy will look like this
deltaH = [1 mol(-1560 kJ/mol)] - [1 mol(-1300 kJ/mol) + 2 mol(-286 kJ/mol)]
The final answer will then be -312 kJ. If you're still confused, it might help to write out the combustion equations and look at solving from that angle.