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Hess's Law states that enthalpy is a state function, so its value is determined by its current state, not the path taken to obtain that state. Thus, the total enthalpy change of a multi-step reaction can be calculated by adding the enthalpy change at each step of the reaction.
Hess's Law states that the total change in enthalpy in a reaction is the sum of all energy changes in the reaction. It does not depend on the pathway needed to reach the end point of the reaction, as Professor Lavelle had explained with the mountain example, the enthalpy change does not depend on the pathway between the initial and final states of the reaction.
if something is a state property, that means be addition and subtraction can be used on it. So Hess's law relates to this because you can add enthalpies of reactions together to find the overall enthalpy of reaction
Yes, and sometimes you will have to manipulate the steps of the reaction to form the proper additive, final reaction. For example, you can make a forward reaction a reverse reaction by multiplying the enthalpy value by a negative. Or, you can multiply a step of the reaction by an integer in order to get the products and reactants to cancel our properly.
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