molar heat capacity

Moderators: Chem_Mod, Chem_Admin

Dahriel Aron 3A
Posts: 60
Joined: Fri Sep 25, 2015 3:00 am

molar heat capacity

Postby Dahriel Aron 3A » Mon Jan 18, 2016 3:03 pm

What would cause one molecular substance to have a higher molar heat capacity than another molecular substance?

Tiffany Chen 2E
Posts: 26
Joined: Fri Sep 25, 2015 3:00 am

Re: molar heat capacity

Postby Tiffany Chen 2E » Mon Jan 18, 2016 3:55 pm

Molecules with hydrogen bonding usually have higher molar heat capacities. Substances with strong hydrogen bonds, such as water or ammonia, take the absorbed thermal energy and store it as potential energy within the hydrogen bonds. Thus, it takes more energy to increase the kinetic energy (or increase the temperature) of the molecular substance.

In addition, substances with more complex chemical structures will also tend to have higher heat capacities for a similar reason. More complex molecules have more bonds that vibrate and consequently absorb added thermal energy, making it more difficult to increase the temperature.

Omar Habib 3L
Posts: 21
Joined: Fri Sep 25, 2015 3:00 am

Re: molar heat capacity

Postby Omar Habib 3L » Mon Jan 18, 2016 5:59 pm

In general, heat capacity increases with molecular complexity. Thus, more atoms lead to more possible bond vibrations that absorb added energy.

For example: NO2 would have a higher heat capacity than NO.

Return to “Heat Capacities, Calorimeters & Calorimetry Calculations”

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 1 guest