using q=n(deltaH) vs q=mc(deltaT)

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Sophia_Kiessling_2L
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using q=n(deltaH) vs q=mc(deltaT)

Postby Sophia_Kiessling_2L » Fri Mar 15, 2019 4:57 pm

I am confused about when to use q=n(deltaH) vs q=mc(deltaT). I am doing problem 4C.11 in the 7th edition textbook and it asks how much heat is needed to convert 80 g ice at 0 degrees C into liquid water at 20 degrees C, and I don't understand why q=n(deltaH) is used for the ice calculation and why q=mc(deltaT) is used for water.

Christine Chen 1H
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Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:18 am

Re: using q=n(deltaH) vs q=mc(deltaT)

Postby Christine Chen 1H » Fri Mar 15, 2019 5:06 pm

Hey! The reason we use q=n(deltaH) for ice is because it is changing phases from a solid to liquid, but the temperature of ice is not changing since 0 degrees Celsius is the freezing point. q=mc(deltaT) is used to calculate the heat required for a temperature change, which in this case, water changes from its 0 degrees to its new temperature of 20 degrees Celsius.

David S
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Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:15 am

Re: using q=n(deltaH) vs q=mc(deltaT)

Postby David S » Fri Mar 15, 2019 5:11 pm

The total heat involved in the process = heat needed to melt the ice into liquid (q=n∆H melting) + heat needed to raise temperature of liquid from 0°C to 20°C (q=nC∆T)

yuetao4k
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Re: using q=n(deltaH) vs q=mc(deltaT)

Postby yuetao4k » Fri Mar 15, 2019 6:30 pm

Use q=mcdeltat when dealing with the slope part of the phase change diagram. Use the other equation when the line is flat (no phase change occurring).

Nghi Nguyen 2L
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Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:18 am

Re: using q=n(deltaH) vs q=mc(deltaT)

Postby Nghi Nguyen 2L » Fri Mar 15, 2019 9:25 pm

q=nC(delta T) is used for temperature changes
q=n(delta H) is used for phase changes


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