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sec and tert

Posted: Sun Mar 05, 2017 4:58 pm
by Caitlin Dillon 3G
Are the prefixes 'sec' and 'tert' only for the butyl substituent? I don't know when to use them

Re: sec and tert

Posted: Sun Mar 05, 2017 5:38 pm
by Ara Yazaryan 1E
I don't believe we will be using the term "sec" quite yet. "Tert" is for when the carbons are perpendicularly arranged in a cross-shape, so you need a minimum of 4 carbons (Butyl).

Re: sec and tert

Posted: Sun Mar 05, 2017 5:46 pm
by Rachel_Prescott_2M
sec- and tert- are commonly used for naming substituents. Sec- stands for secondary which means the carbon that the functional group is attached to is also attached to 2 other carbons and tert- stands for tertiary which means the carbon is attached to 3 other carbons. I think this applies mostly just to butyl because all the examples I've seen have only involved butyl but I'm not 100% sure... hope this helped though!