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Iso, Neo, and Tert

Posted: Wed Mar 08, 2017 6:52 pm
by Andrew Uesugi 3I
Can anybody explain to me what Iso, Neo, and Tert are in common names?

So Iso involves the connection of Carbon bonds? And also Neo and Tert. But what exactly makes them different to one another?

Re: Iso, Neo, and Tert

Posted: Wed Mar 08, 2017 8:20 pm
by Palmquist_Sierra_2N
chemmm.png

chem.png

Re: Iso, Neo, and Tert

Posted: Wed Mar 08, 2017 8:49 pm
by deantuazon2G
Can someone explain when to use these?

Re: Iso, Neo, and Tert

Posted: Thu Mar 09, 2017 12:34 am
by 204781248
deantuazon2G wrote:Can someone explain when to use these?

So basically, we use these terms depending on the structure of the molecule. It is a type of systematic naming. The important thing to look at, in terms of structure, is how many carbons are directly attached or "branched off" from the one carbon of the alkyl group attached to the long chain. If the akyl group attached only has a direct chain to 1 carbon it is iso. So in the diagram, the isopropyl group shows only 1 carbon from the propyl attached to the long chain and THEN it branches off to include the other two carbons group.
If it is "tert" that means the carbon from the propyl group has its 3 other carbons DIRECTLY attached to it, not branched.

it's actually much easier to understand visually, here's a link to a khan academy video that helped me understand!

https://www.khanacademy.org/science/org ... t-prefixes