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Perhaps it is better to understand the general concept then certain structures. For example hexadecanol is a open chain of 16 carbons with an alcohol fucntional group on carbon 1. We know the naming up to 10 carbons, but we can imply that hexadcanol is 16 carbons using the prefixes. I feel like this is a possible test question.
For naming chains with over 10 carbons, I think you just have to put the 10th value ahead of 1's value for example hexa deca would be 16 penta deca would be 15 etc. If there is no numbering for the ol/ OH group then you can assume it's on number 1. Hexadecanol can also be written as hexadecan-1-ol.
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