Non-Hydrocarbon Substituants

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Grace_Bower_2B
Posts: 13
Joined: Wed Sep 21, 2016 1:58 pm

Non-Hydrocarbon Substituants

Postby Grace_Bower_2B » Wed Mar 15, 2017 2:04 pm

How are you supposed IUPEC name hydrocarbons with substituents like bromine and chloride? Is it the number and then just bromo or chloro?

Nikhita_Jaaswal_2H
Posts: 31
Joined: Wed Sep 21, 2016 1:57 pm

Re: Non-Hydrocarbon Substituants

Postby Nikhita_Jaaswal_2H » Wed Mar 15, 2017 3:10 pm

For halogenic non-hydrocarbon substituents, you take the name of the substituent (ex. fluorine) and drop the -ine ending and add an -o ending instead. For example fluorine becomes fluoro, iodine becomes iodo, etc. For the numbering, the substituents are given priority and their positioning number is written in front of them.


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