What do the N's mean

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cmmurphy_4G
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What do the N's mean

Postby cmmurphy_4G » Tue Mar 08, 2016 9:27 pm

What do the N's mean in the naming, and whats the significants of the number of Ns?

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Re: What do the N's mean

Postby Chem_Mod » Tue Mar 08, 2016 9:36 pm

Please be more specific. Thank you.

cmmurphy_4G
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Re: What do the N's mean

Postby cmmurphy_4G » Tue Mar 08, 2016 9:42 pm

Why does triethylamine have 2 N's in its name: N,N-diethylethanamine and then theres one N in N-Ethylpentane-1-amine? Do you add an N for each additional organic group?

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Re: What do the N's mean

Postby Chem_Mod » Wed Mar 09, 2016 12:40 am

N is used for secondary and tertiary amines where the nitrogen has more than one group attached to it. A primary amine would be something like NH2CH3 where only one group is attached. A secondary amine has two groups attached (CH3NHCH2CH3). The higher priority group becomes the prefix of the amine and the lower priority groups are added as "N-groupname". In a tertiary amine, you use "N,N-" to indicate that it's tertiary by the fact that it has 2 additional attachments in addition to the highest priority group.


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