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Common naming with Nitrogen

Posted: Mon Mar 07, 2016 5:26 pm
by Therese Abely 3A
For chapter 2 number 35, it had a line structure of N with a methyl, ethyl, and propyl coming off of it. I was just wondering why the common name is N-ethyl-N-methyl-N-propyl amine? Why does propane turn into a propyl? Doesn't there have to be a main carbon chain even in common names?

Thanks!

Re: Common naming with Nitrogen

Posted: Mon Mar 07, 2016 5:48 pm
by Jonathan Browne 2A
The solution in the orange Organic Chemistry book is N-ethyl-N-methylpropan-1-amine, and this is found at the bottom of page 217. I believe you may have accidently misread the solution. In this case, the parent chain is the propan-1-amine, because it has 3 carbons in the chain and one is connected to a Nitrogen creating an amine functional group. The ethyl and methyl have "N-" in front of them because they are substitutes connected to the Nitrogen.